Department of Pathology


PURPOSE AND SCOPE

Over the last 20 years, great efforts wwithin the Department of Pathology havebeen conducted  by  Faculty  members,  not  only  to  evaluate  the  profile  ofcancer cases coming to be managed at the NCI, but also to study in depththe different clinicopathologic criteria of such cases. Cancer Pathology Registry was originally developed by the Department ofPathology at  the National  Cancer  Institute (NCI)  since 1985.  NCI  of  CairoUniversity is a large referral center draining the Cairo Metropolitan area aswell  as other parts of  the country. The hospital  receives a big number ofpatients, of which about 80% are presented to the Department of Pathologyfor tissue diagnoses.
• Department has 30 Faculty members, 15 Teaching assistants and Fellows, 30 Technicians, and 20 administrative personnel.
• Department serves 12,000 patients per year. Department serves Free, insured and paid patients

Surgical Pathology:

• Receives the samples from:
 Operating room
 Laparoscopy Unit
 Patients’ Slides from  outpatient clinic for consultation by NCI Pathologists before they are admitted to NCI for any procedure 
 New Cairo (Tagamo3) NCI Hospital

Automated immunostaining Lab:

That performs high-volume, automated immunohistochemistry for diagnostic and predictive markers of tumors.

Laboratory Information System (LIS):

 The hospital information system hosts the signed-out reports of the Surgical Pathology Unit

Cytology (or Cytopathology):

 • Samples  that are sent to the Cytology Unit include:
 Fine needle aspiration Cytology (FNAC)
 Radio diagnosis  guided (Most of the cases) (where the pathologist attend the procedure to ensure adequacy of the sample)
 Clinic  (Breast & Thyroid)
 Effusions, Sputum, CSF

Molecular Pathology (or Molecular Diagnostics):

Molecular pathology uses polymerase chain reaction (PCR) methodologies, FISH, CISH, and Flow cytometry techniques.

Pathology Education and Training:

Graduate Doctorate Degree is  offered in  Cancer Pathology for  Masters  ofScience graduates in the field of Pathology. Customized Training sessions arealso  offered  for  fellows  from  medical  institutes  and  cancer  centers  inEgyptian and Arab Universities and Ministry of Health. 

Scheduled weekly sessions focus on Case presentations in Surgical Pathologyand Cytopathology, didactic lectures in Cytopathology, Molecular Pathology and Quality Assurance.

These sessions include our own faculty and trainnees, as well as guest faculty from other departments.

Pathology Research Goals:

The  Department  of  Pathology  shares  in  achieving  the  National  CancerInstitute Research goals by several research activities, among which are:

To correlate pathologic response of solid tumors to therapy as well as overallsurvival with tissue markers that are involved in disease progression.

Pathology department is crucial in collection of tissue samples and supplyingoptimal conditions for tissue preservation in order to establish Biobank usefulfor different research activities.